Glossary | Simple definitions of GPS terms

GPS Navigation
The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a satellite-based navigation system. It uses at least 24 satellites. GPS works in any weather conditions, anywhere in the world, 24 hours a day. GPS is free to use, without any fees or charges. GPS satellites circle the Earth in a precise orbit twice a day. To compute the exact location of the satellite, you need a GPS device. GPS devices use a satellite's unique signals and orbital parameters to calculate an exact location on the Earth’s surface. GPS devices can determine a position by measuring the distance to at least four satellites. GPS devices can be used to determine location, for navigation, tracking, or mapping. GPS is used in numerous industries. Today, GPS is used in the gaming industry, in smartwatches, logistics, autonomous vehicles, and many other military, aviation, tracking, and surveillance applications. Today's world is almost unimaginable without the GPS navigation system.
GPS navigation
GPS navigation offers you turn-by-turn instructions, automatic rerouting, and many other features, depending on the field of use. The GPS navigation system can calculate and draw routes to a given destination based on several variables. GPS navigation today can imply many things, but in general, it's the science of determining one's position, as well as direction and speed of travel relative to the position of objects on our planet.
GPS car navigation
GPS car navigation helps you safely reach your destination. GPS car navigation can be factory-installed, purchased as an add-on accessory, or used through car connectivity. GPS car navigation uses unique signals from specialized satellites. With GPS car navigation, drivers can enjoy the latest GPS navigation technology and all advanced navigation features directly from their car's built-in screen.
White label GPS navigation
GPS navigation software can be developed according to client preferences and brand guidelines. White label apps make it possible to completely customize the GPS navigation graphic user interface. Based on your corporate brand style and guidelines, our GPS navigation can become entirely yours.
Offline GPS navigation
Offline GPS navigation doesn't require a mobile internet connection to search and navigate. Using offline GPS navigation, we offer unlimited downloads of professional car navigation maps – forever. Our offline GPS navigation app is updated four times per year. With offline GPS navigation, you can download map regions and navigate offline. Offline GPS navigation can be convenient if your internet connection is slow or doesn't work, or your mobile data is expensive.
OEM supplier
An original equipment manufacturer (OEM) in the automotive industry refers to vehicle manufacturers. There are many popular OEM's in the automotive industry, for example, Volkswagen, Renault, BMW, Toyota, and Hyundai.
Tier1 supplier
Tier 1 suppliers are companies that supply parts or systems directly to OEM's. Tier 1 suppliers are specialized in making hardware. OEMs are often coupled with Tier 1 suppliers. Tier 1 suppliers purchase components from Tier 2 suppliers, package them in the automotive infotainment and supply all together to OEMs. Some of the most popular Tier 1 suppliers are Bosch, Denso, Parrot, and Continental AG.
HERE maps
HERE is a company that provides mapping and location data to individuals and companies. It provides mapping content, navigation services, and location solutions. HERE covers nearly 200 countries, has voice-guided navigation in 94 countries, and provides live traffic information in 33 countries. Mireo uses HERE maps, but we develop our own GPS location and navigation solutions.
Live traffic
The Live Traffic option uses real-time traffic flow information to calculate the fastest route around traffic jams. Live traffic automatically adjusts your route in real time as you drive. The Live Traffic option is part of GPS navigation, and it helps you avoid delays caused by congestion, accidents, construction, or any other road incident.
Fleet management
Fleet management allows fleet managers to supervise their fleet. Fleet management helps companies reduce costs, increase productivity, and improve driver efficiency. Fleet management also avoids delivery delays, prevents the unauthorized use of vehicles, and reduces fuel consumption. Fleet managers can have relevant information about their fleet through fleet management software. It provides GPS tracking in real-time and all kind of reports associated with these data.
Fleet management system
Fleet management systems combine fleet management software, fleet management technologies, GPS devices, tools, and best practices in helping companies optimize the use of their fleets. Fleet management systems provide fleet management from a central platform. Companies that use fleet management systems have more control over drivers and vehicles and fewer maintenance costs.
Fleet management software
Fleet management software is a GPS tracking solution for businesses of any size. The main purpose of fleet management software is to provide GPS tracking of the fleet, store vehicle specifications, keep records on maintenance, insurance, fuel transactions, and all administrative information about the fleet. Fleet management software can help you process and generate reports, export information, and create alerts and e-mails, which can significantly improve your business.
Fleet management company
A fleet management company provider develops fleet management software solutions and provides those solutions to businesses with fleets of any size. Also, fleet management companies can provide GPS tracking for any kind of moveable object. Fleet management companies usually provide fleet management databases, fleet management software, and GPS device trackers.
GPS tracking
GPS tracking uses GPS satellites to determine the location of GPS devices. The GPS tracking option in fleet management provides tracking for every car, truck, or moveable object that has a GPS tracker (GPS device). GPS trackers are portable devices designed to allow fleet managers and vehicle owners to monitor and track their vehicles. GPS tracking has many different purposes. It provides you the exact location of your car in real-time. Vehicle tracking devices are the most popular for owners of large fleets of cars and trucks.
GPS car tracker
GPS car trackers are portable devices whose main purpose is to track your car with GPS. GPS car trackers broadcast your vehicle’s location. GPS car trackers can be used if you want to know where your car is or where it has been. GPS tracking devices are extremely useful to individuals and businesses alike. Using a GPS tracker in your car is easy and simple, but there are differences between devices made by different producers.
99,98% precision in vehicle tracking industry
Mireo's fleet management system has a mileage precision of 99.98%, which is an unprecedented level in the GPS vehicle tracking industry. Calculated mileage precision in competitive fleet management solutions reaches a maximum of 92%. The accuracy of our fleet management software solution is achieved through our map matching algorithm. Every piece of incoming GPS data is matched against road geometry, eliminating typical GPS errors. GPS fleet tracking with 99.98% accuracy is a top-quality solution.
Spatiotemporal data
Spatiotemporal data> types are multidimensional and cannot be represented with less than two scalar values. Spatiotemporal data consists of data points for latitude, longitude, and time. For example, moving object data types are a very important type of spatiotemporal data. Moving object data types are mostly generated by GPS tracking devices. Spatiotemporal data from moving objects gives you better control over GPS vehicle monitoring and guidance.
Spatiotemporal database
Spatiotemporal databases store both spatial and temporal information. They are massively scalable, distributed, disk-based databases with a query execution engine designed to insert and query spatiotemporal data types very quickly. Spatiotemporal databases are commonly used for the GPS tracking of moving objects, or for any other purpose requiring the storage of spatiotemporal data types.
Relational database
Relational databases are the most common type of database. Relational databases make it easy to store or query information. Data is stored in tables, and new information can be added without reorganizing the tables. Relational databases can store an infinite number of tables. You can communicate with relational databases using SQL.
SQL query
SQL (Structured Query Language) is the standard programming language for dealing with relational databases. SQL is responsible for querying and editing information stored in certain database management systems. Relational databases like MySQL Database, Oracle, MsSQL, PostgreSQL, Sybase, and others use SQL to insert, search, update, and delete database records.
NewSQL database
NewSQL databases are a family of web-scale distributed relational SQL databases. NewSQL databases are designed to overcome the hard limitations of traditional SQL databases in the context of Big Data processing. A few examples of NewSQL databases are NuoDB, ClustrixDB, VoltDB, and MemSQL. NewSQL databases are designed as scale-out architectures with partitioning, sharding, and clustering techniques built into the core of their engines.
SpaceTime database
The SpaceTime spatiotemporal database is a relational, SQL cloud database, but in terms of architecture, it is a NewSQL database. The SpaceTime spatiotemporal database is not just a general-purpose SQL database, as SpaceTime spatiotemporal database lacks many standard SQL features. For example, SpaceTime database supports only a limited number of fundamental data types, and it implements only a subset of the SQL language. However, the main purpose of the SpaceTime spatiotemporal database is the highly efficient storage and querying of spatiotemporal (interval) data types, regardless of how the data was collected.
SpaceTime cluster
The SpaceTime cluster is an automatic vehicle GPS tracking system (AVL). The SpaceTime cluster GPS tracking system is used for surveillance, in-depth behavioral analysis, and the management of movable objects. The vehicle tracking cluster collects, stores, and analyzes spatiotemporal data from vehicles in real-time. The SpaceTime cluster GPS tracking system also allows data access through a web interface. The design of the SpaceTime vehicle tracking system allows it to be scaled to handle simultaneous tracking, real-time analysis, and reporting for an unlimited number of vehicles.
Big data
Big Data is a term that describes an extremely large data set. The management and maintenance of Big Data includes data storage, data analysis, data visualization, data querying, and many other kinds of data processing. The three main characteristics of the Big Data concept are the amount of data, speed of data access, and the range of data types and sources. In terms of the Mireo SpaceTime database, Big Data means an enormous amount of spatiotemporal data, which can be analyzed for insight leading to better business decisions.
Spatiotemporal data analysis
Every moveable object that reports its status to SpaceTime GPS vehicle tracking cluster sends spatiotemporal data to the SpaceTime tracking cluster at a prescribed frequency. The data sent to the SpaceTime vehicle tracking cluster contains various kinds of location and status information. The amount of data collected from vehicles is enormous, given the fact that moveable objects are typically configured to send location and sensor data approximately every 100 meters. The SpaceTime cluster is a standard Big Data processing system, providing real-time spatiotemporal analysis, spatiotemporal data aggregation, and spatiotemporal analytic reporting, with instant access to all historical spatiotemporal data.
Compact Maps
Maps API
The Maps API is used to build web map applications and to display map data on your webpage. There are many companies in the map technology industry. The popularity of the digital maps API has grown rapidly in recent years. With Maps API you can create an unlimited number of static and interactive digital maps.
Routing API
The Routing API is used to calculate a route between a starting point and a destination. The Routing API calculates up to three alternative routes between two or more geographic locations. After calculating the route, the Routing API provides a graphic representation of the route and a detailed turn-by-turn route description.
Geocoding API
The Geocoding API is used to process geographical identifiers or coordinates from text data. Our geocoding API geocodes and reverse-geocodes addresses. For example, webpages or applications use the Geocoding API to convert a street address into latitude and longitude coordinates, which can be used to place markers or positions on a map.
GIS (Geo infor. system)
The Maps API and Routing API are important parts of GIS (Geographical information system). GIS deals in geospatial/geographic information. Maps are the most important medium in which to display geographical information, and the Maps API, Routing API, and Geocoding API play leading roles in representing geographical information from GIS on a map.
Location-based API services
On-premise software is installed locally on a company's own computers and servers. The principal motivations for using location-based API services for on-premises solutions are data security, cost-cutting, and assured performance. Mireo's Maps API, Routing API, and Geocoding API provide top security and high performance. These location-based API services work on customers’ own premises, behind their own firewall, and ensure extremely accurate geocoding.
Offline maps API
Mireo's Maps API, Routing API, and Geocoding API allow users to develop custom mapping and location applications. These location-based API services come with everything you need to implement apps in a private cloud or on-premises infrastructure. With location-based API services, you can use offline maps securely on your own infrastructure. The Offline Maps API runs everywhere.
On-premises API services
Integrated on-premises solutions mean data stays on company premises, behind a firewall. An excellent example of the need for the on-premises deployment of location API services is the Geocoding API and Reverse Geocoding API. Translating a text address into geographical coordinates may involve the use of sensitive location data. Also, on-premise deployment of location API services enables offline customization and styling of maps or the creation of data visualizations or heatmaps.